Regulation of retinal homeobox gene transcription by cooperative activity among cis-elements.

Imagen de Reyna I. Martínez De Luna
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TítuloRegulation of retinal homeobox gene transcription by cooperative activity among cis-elements.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AutoresDe Luna, RIMartinez, Moose, HE, Kelly, LE, Nekkalapudi, S, El-Hodiri, HM
Date Published2010 Nov 1
Palabras claveAnimals, Base Sequence, Binding Sites, Conserved Sequence, Eye Proteins, Female, Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental, Genes, Homeobox, Male, Molecular Sequence Data, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Retina, Sequence Deletion, Time Factors, Transcription, Genetic, Xenopus laevis, Xenopus Proteins

The retinal homeobox (Rx/rax) gene is essential for the development of the eye. Rax is among the earliest genes expressed during eye development, beginning in the prospective eye fields in the anterior neural plate. Additionally Rax expression persists in retinal progenitor cells and in differentiated photoreceptors. We have isolated and characterized a 2.8 kb genomic DNA fragment that regulates expression of Rax in the developing and maturing retina. We have discovered and characterized cis-acting elements that function to specifically control spatial and temporal Rax expression during retinal development. We have found that the regulation of Rax2A promoter activity requires cooperative interactions between positive and negative regulatory elements. Further, a highly conserved genomic element containing SOX, OTX, and POU transcription factor binding sites is necessary but not sufficient for promoter activity in retinal progenitor or stem cells. Finally, a putative binding element for forkhead transcription factors is necessary for promoter activity and can cooperate with other cis-acting elements to drive Rax2A promoter activity.

Alternate JournalGene
PubMed ID20627122
PubMed Central IDPMC2942993
Grant ListEY015480 / EY / NEI NIH HHS / United States